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Cultural Heritage
Cultural Heritage
Date: 2009-06-06
From historical records, people began coming to Kinmen from China’s central plains over 1,600 years ago to escape wars and disasters and to develop the land for cultivation. This long history combined with strong local interest in culture, has created a rich cultural heritage. Most of the early inhabitants came from the Zhangzhou and Quanzhou areas of Fujian Province. The architectural style of the dwellings and local customs follow in the old traditions. Forty years of military control have slowed the pace of Kinmen’s urbanization, enabling its historical heritage to be preserved.


Thus, it can be said that Kinmen National Park possesses a rich culture and history, as evidenced by its historical sites and traditional architecture.


The Kinmen area contains 39 registered Historic Landmarks, twelve of which are inside Kinmen National Park. These include four National Historic Landmarks, Qionglin Ancestral Shrine of Cai Family, Shuitou Huang Family Youtang Villa, Wentai Pagoda, and the Xu Jiang Xiao Wo Stone Inscription, and eight County Historic Landmarks, Han Ying Yun Gen Inscription, Tomb of Wen Yingju, Residence of Zhenwei, Shuiwei Pagoda, Tomb of Qui Lianggong, Three Widows Chastity Arch, Tomb of Cai Panlong, and Haiin Temple.


Zhenwei Residence●    Zhenwei Residence

During the Qing Dynasty, there were many ranking military officers living in Kuningtou. Located on the eastern border of Beishan, this was once the home of Li Guangxian, who served as the Kwangtung Province naval commander. After his death, the emperor bestowed upon him the title of Zhenwei (meaning a person of prestige) general. This residence then became known as Zhenwei Residence. It has been    fully restored and is now a museum.



The Guningtou Shuiwei Pagoda●    Guningtou Shuiwei Pagoda

The Guningtou Shuiwei Pagoda is located next to Lake Shuangli. It was built more than 300 years ago during the Qing Dynasty from square pieces and blocks of stone stacked on top of each other. At the top of this pagoda is a calabash. Below the calabash, there are Chinese characters carved on each side which refer to “Buddha,” “the way,” “follower” and “treasure.” The first three characters face away from Guningtou and are meant to keep away evil spirits. The last word “treasure” faces inland to symbolize prosperity.


Wentai Pagoda●    Wentai Pagoda

The Wentai Pagoda is located southeast of Jinmencheng’s Mt. Nanpan It was built in 1387 or more than 600 years ago. The pagoda is comprised of five levels of granite blocks. The top of the pagoda is pointed. Below the eaves are carved inscriptions. In former times, this pagoda was a landmark used by ships approaching the island. It now stands in the middle of a quiet forest, but is still as impressive as when it was originally built.




●    Huang Family Youtang VillaHuang Family Youtang Villa


Youtang refers to a school. The Youtang Villa, located in Shuitou, were built more than 200 years ago during the Qing Dynasty by a wealthy businessman named Huang Jun. In front is an arched bridge and two separate ponds, one in the shape of the sun and the other in the shape of the moon. With its ponds and pavilions this is the most unique garden in the Kinmen area. The Huang Family Youtang Villa has been completely restored and is listed as a National Historic Landmark by the government.


●    Tomb of Qiu Lianggong


Tomb of Qiu LianggongThis very large cemetery was built during the Qing Dynasty in 1819, and contains the most complete Qing Dynasty tomb in the Kinmen area. Qiu Lianggong was born in 1768 in the Houpu region of Kinmen. Due to his efforts to quell pirate attacks, he was named the Chekiang Province naval commander. He was also named a general and honored for his bravery by the emperor. He passed away at the age of 49. The Qiu Lianggong Cemetery is a fitting resting place for a high-ranking general. In front of the tomb are stone statues of a horse, tiger and lamb, etc. On the left and right sides are two engraved steles that were gifts from the emperor. Also in front of the tomb is a four-pillar monumental archway that measures six meters in area. There are a number of sculptures, paintings and engraved plaques. This cemetery has been designated a County Historic Landmark by the government.

Last Updated on Friday, 23 October 2009 01:49
 
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